One of the surface treatments of aluminum alloys machining parts- hard anodizing
The main purpose of hard anodizing of aluminum alloys is to improve various properties of aluminum and aluminum alloys, including corrosion resistance, wear resistance, insulation and adsorption. It is suitable for both deformed aluminum alloys and for die cast aluminum parts.
Hard anodized film generally requires a thickness of 25-150um, a hard anodized film with a thickness of 50-80um and a film thickness of less than 25um. It is used for the use of keys and spirals. The thickness of the anodized film for parts, wear or insulation is about 50um. Under certain special process conditions, it is required to produce a hard anodized film with a thickness of 125um or more, but it must be noted that the thicker the anodized film, the outer layer The lower the microhardness can be, the more the surface roughness of the film layer increases. A hard anodized solution, typically a sulfuric acid solution and sulfuric acid, such as oxalic acid, sulfamic acid, and the like. In addition, the hard anodization treatment can be achieved by lowering the anodization temperature or lowering the sulfuric acid concentration. For deformed aluminum alloys with a copper content greater than 5% or a silicon content greater than 8%, or high-silicon die-cast aluminum alloys, special measures for adding anodization may also be considered. For example, for the 2XXX series aluminum alloy, in order to avoid the aluminum alloy being burned during the anodizing process, 385g/L sulfuric acid plus 15g/L oxalic acid can be used as the electrolytic bath, and the current density should be increased to 2.5A/dm or more. .